The UK climate is already ideal for the transmitting of West Nile virus which may be spread by many mosquitoes already within the UK. However, a low quantity of mosquitoes and the limited spread of human-biting Culex spp possess prevented any human cases so far. In the future, rising temperatures could make conditions even more favourable for mosquitoes, say the authors. Moreover, the latest discovery of the Culex modestus mosquito species–regarded to be the primary carrier of the West Nile virus in Europe–at numerous sites across Kent could provide a ideal vector for transmitting of the virus between infected birds and humans.Thus, anaerobic bacteria remain unidentified in clinical microbiological practice often. The MALDI Biotyper has recently opened the chance to make use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for the quick identification of anaerobic bacterias. In collaboration with the ESCMID Study Group of Anaerobic Attacks , Bruker and UMCG, the brand new European Network for Quick Identification of Anaerobes has been initiated in holland and the Hungarian Reference Laboratory for Anaerobic Infections at the University of Szeged in Hungary. Because so many years, both expert centers are leading in culture-based and molecular analysis of anaerobes, including oral and gut microbiology. ENRIA will create a global and well-characterized anaerobic stress collection comprising of the very most important anaerobic species, including parodontogenic bacteria.